Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1481

On metric regularity of Reed-Muller codes

Alexey Oblaukhov

Abstract: In this work we study metric properties of the well-known family of binary Reed-Muller codes. Let $A$ be an arbitrary subset of the Boolean cube, and $\widehat{A}$ be the metric complement of $A$ --- the set of all vectors of the Boolean cube at the maximal possible distance from $A$. If the metric complement of $\widehat{A}$ coincides with $A$, then the set $A$ is called a {\it metrically regular set}. The problem of investigating metrically regular sets appeared when studying {\it bent functions}, which have important applications in cryptography and coding theory and are also one of the earliest examples of a metrically regular set. In this work we describe metric complements and establish metric regularity of the codes $\mathcal{RM}(0,m)$ and $\mathcal{RM}(k,m)$ for $k \geqslant m-3$. Additionally, metric regularity of the $\mathcal{RM}(1,5)$ code is proved. Combined with previous results by Tokareva N. (2012) concerning duality of affine and bent functions, this proves metric regularity of most Reed-Muller codes with known covering radius. It is conjectured that all Reed-Muller codes are metrically regular.

Category / Keywords: foundations / metrically regular set; metric complement; covering radius; bent function; Reed-Muller code; deep hole

Date: received 23 Dec 2019

Contact author: oblaukhov at gmail com

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Version: 20191223:153119 (All versions of this report)

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