Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1313

On Oblivious Amplification of Coin-Tossing Protocols

Nir Bitansky and Nathan Geier

Abstract: We consider the problem of amplifying two-party coin-tossing protocols: given a protocol where it is possible to bias the common output by at most $\rho$, we aim to obtain a new protocol where the output can be biased by at most $\rho^\star<\rho$. We rule out the existence of a natural type of amplifiers called oblivious amplifiers for every $\rho^\star<\rho$. Such amplifiers ignore the way that the underlying $\rho$-bias protocol works and can only invoke an oracle that provides $\rho$-bias bits.

We provide two proofs of this impossibility. The first is by a reduction to the impossibility of deterministic randomness extraction from Santha-Vazirani sources. The second is a direct proof that is more general and also rules outs certain types of asymmetric amplification. In addition, it gives yet another proof for the Santha-Vazirani impossibility.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Coin Tossing, Amplification, Lower Bound, Santha Vazirani

Original Publication (in the same form): ITCS 2020

Date: received 13 Nov 2019

Contact author: nathangeier at mail tau ac il

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20191117:181246 (All versions of this report)

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