Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1231

Distinguishing LWE Instances Using Fourier Transform: A Refined Framework and its Applications

Zhao Chunhuan and Zheng Zhongxiang and Wang Xiaoyun and Xu Guangwu

Abstract: As a fundamental tool in lattice-based cryptosystems, discrete Gaussian samplers play important roles in both efficiency and security of lattice-based schemes. Approximate discrete rounded Gaussian sampler, central binomial sampler and bounded uniform sampler are three types of error samplers that are commonly used in the designs of various schemes. However, known cryptanalytics about error samplers concentrate on their standard deviations and no analysis about distinct structures of distributions have been proposed. In this paper, we address this problem by considering the dual attack for LWE instances and investigating Fourier transforms of these distributions. We introduce the concept of local width which enables us to get a more detailed look of these distributions and the distinguish advantages. We make an analysis of dual attack for different distributions and provide a novel measure model to describe the differences. Within this refined framework, we also propose a novel type of error sampler which can achieve high efficiency, security as well as flexibility.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / discrete Gaussian sampling, lattice, distinguish advantage , LWE, dual attack

Date: received 20 Oct 2019

Contact author: zhengzx13 at tsinghua org cn

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20191021:082420 (All versions of this report)

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