Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1197

Secret sharing and duality

Laszlo Csirmaz

Abstract: Secret sharing is an important building block in cryptography. All explicitly defined secret sharing schemes with known exact complexity bounds are multi-linear, thus are closely related to linear codes. The dual of such a linear scheme, in the sense of duality of linear codes, gives another scheme for the dual access structure. These schemes have the same complexity, namely the largest share size relative to the secret size is the same. It is a long-standing open problem whether this fact is true in general: the complexity of any access structure is the same as the complexity of its dual. We give an almost answer to this question. An almost perfect scheme allows negligible errors, both in the recovery and in the independence. There exists an almost perfect ideal scheme on 174 participants whose complexity is strictly smaller than that of its dual.

Category / Keywords: foundations / secret sharing; ideal access structure, duality

Date: received 14 Oct 2019

Contact author: csirmaz at renyi hu

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Version: 20191015:074843 (All versions of this report)

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