Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1122

Exploring Trade-offs in Batch Bounded Distance Decoding

Martin R. Albrecht and Benjamin R. Curtis and Thomas Wunderer

Abstract: Algorithms for solving the Bounded Distance Decoding problem (BDD) are used for estimating the security of lattice-based cryptographic primitives, since these algorithms can be employed to solve variants of the Learning with Errors problem (LWE). In certain parameter regimes where the target vector is small and/or sparse, batches of BDD instances emerge from a combinatorial approach where several components of the target vector are guessed before decoding. In this work we explore trade-offs in solving ``Batch-BDD'', and apply our techniques to the small-secret Learning with Errors problem. We compare our techniques to previous works which solve batches of BDD instances, such as the hybrid lattice-reduction and meet-in-the-middle attack. Our results are a mixed bag. We show that, in the ``enumeration setting'' and with BKZ reduction, our techniques outperform a variant of the hybrid attack which does not consider time-memory trade-offs in the guessing phase for certain Round5 (17-bits out of 466), Round5-IoT (19-bits out of 240), and NTRU LPrime (23-bits out of 385) parameter sets. On the other hand, our techniques do not outperform the Hybrid Attack under standard, albeit unrealistic, assumptions. Finally, as expected, our techniques do not improve on previous works in the ``sieving setting'' (under standard assumptions) where combinatorial attacks in general do not perform well.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Bounded Distance Decoding, Learning with Errors, Cryptanalysis, Hybrid Attack

Original Publication (in the same form): Selected Areas in Cryptography (SAC) 2019

Date: received 30 Sep 2019

Contact author: benjamin curtis 2015 at rhul ac uk

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20191001:151459 (All versions of this report)

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