Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/837

Constructing Ideal Secret Sharing Schemes based on Chinese Remainder Theorem

Yu Ning and Fuyou Miao and Wenchao Huang and Keju Meng and Yan Xiong and Xingfu Wang

Abstract: Since $(t,n)$-threshold secret sharing (SS) was initially proposed by Shamir and Blakley separately in 1979, it has been widely used in many aspects. Later on, Asmuth and Bloom presented a $(t,n)$-threshold SS scheme based on the Chinese Remainder Theorem(CRT) for integers in 1983. However, compared with the most popular Shamir's $(t,n)$-threshold SS scheme, existing CRT based schemes have a lower information rate, moreover, they are harder to construct. To overcome these shortcomings of the CRT based scheme, 1) we first propose a generalized $(t,n)$-threshold SS scheme based on the CRT for the polynomial ring over a finite field. We show that our scheme is ideal, i.e., it is perfect in security and has the information rate 1. By comparison, we show that our scheme has a better information rate and is easier to construct compared with existing threshold SS schemes based on the CRT for integers. 2) We show that Shamir's scheme, which is based on the Lagrange interpolation polynomial, is a special case of our scheme. Therefore, we establish the connection among threshold schemes based on the Lagrange interpolation, schemes based on the CRT for integers and our scheme. 3) As a natural extension of our threshold scheme, we present a weighted threshold SS scheme based on the CRT for polynomial rings, which inherits the above advantages of our threshold scheme over existing weighted schemes based on the CRT for integers.

Category / Keywords: Threshold Secret Sharing, Chinese Remainder Theorem, Polynomial Ring

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-ASIACRYPT-2018

Date: received 5 Sep 2018

Contact author: sirning at mail ustc edu cn, mfy@ustc edu cn

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20180906:205528 (All versions of this report)

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