Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/800

Security of the Blockchain against Long Delay Attack

Puwen Wei and Quan Yuan and Yuliang Zheng

Abstract: The consensus protocol underlying Bitcoin (the blockchain) works remarkably well in practice. However proving its security in a formal setting has been an elusive goal. A recent analytical result by Pass, Seeman and shelat indicates that an idealized blockchain is indeed secure against attacks in an asynchronous network where messages are maliciously delayed by at most $\Delta\ll1/np$, with $n$ being the number of miners and $p$ the mining hardness. This paper improves upon the result by showing that if appropriate inconsistency tolerance is allowed the blockchain can withstand even more powerful external attacks in the honest miner setting. Specifically we prove that the blockchain is secure against long delay attacks with $\Delta\geq1/np$ in an asynchronous network.

Category / Keywords: bitcoin, blockchain, delay attack, random oracle

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-ASIACRYPT-2018

Date: received 31 Aug 2018

Contact author: pwei at sdu edu cn, yuanquan_sdu@mail sdu edu cn

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20180901:123613 (All versions of this report)

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