Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/783

Short Variable Length Domain Extenders With Beyond Birthday Bound Security

Yu Long Chen and Bart Mennink and Mridul Nandi

Abstract: Length doublers are cryptographic functions that transform an n-bit cryptographic primitive into an efficient and secure cipher that length-preservingly encrypts strings of length in [n,2n-1]. All currently known constructions are only proven secure up to the birthday bound, and for all but one construction this bound is known to be tight. We consider the remaining candidate, LDT by Chen et al.(ToSC 2017(3)), and prove that it achieves beyond the birthday bound security for the domain [n,3n/2). We generalize the construction to multiple rounds and demonstrate that by adding one more encryption layer to LDT, beyond the birthday bound security can be achieved for all strings of length in [n,2n-1]: security up to around 2^{2n/3} for the encryption of strings close to n and security up to around 2^{n} for strings of length close to 2n. The security analysis of both schemes is performed in a modular manner through the introduction and analysis of a new concept called ``harmonic permutation primitives.''

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / provable security

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-ASIACRYPT-2018

Date: received 27 Aug 2018

Contact author: yulong chen at kuleuven be and b mennink@cs ru nl and mridul nandi@gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20180901:024111 (All versions of this report)

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