Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/605

N-term Karatsuba Algorithm and its Application to Multiplier designs for Special Trinomials

Yin Li and Yu Zhang and Xiaoli Guo and Chuanda Qi

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new type of non-recursive Mastrovito multiplier for $GF(2^m)$ using a $n$-term Karatsuba algorithm (KA), where $GF(2^m)$ is defined by an irreducible trinomial, $x^m+x^k+1, m=nk$. We show that such a type of trinomial combined with the $n$-term KA can fully exploit the spatial correlation of entries in related Mastrovito product matrices and lead to a low complexity architecture. The optimal parameter $n$ is further studied. As the main contribution of this study, the lower bound of the space complexity of our proposal is about $O(\frac{m^2}{2}+m^{3/2})$. Meanwhile, the time complexity matches the best Karatsuba multiplier known to date. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that Karatsuba-based multiplier has reached such a space complexity bound while maintaining relatively low time delay.

Category / Keywords: foundations / N-term Karatsuba Algorithm, Specific trinomials, Bit-parallel Multiplier

Date: received 15 Jun 2018

Contact author: yunfeiyangli at gmail com

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Version: 20180618:193327 (All versions of this report)

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