Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/209

CALYPSO: Auditable Sharing of Private Data over Blockchains

Eleftherios Kokoris-Kogias and Enis Ceyhun Alp and Sandra Deepthy Siby and Nicolas Gailly and Linus Gasser and Philipp Jovanovic and Ewa Syta and Bryan Ford

Abstract: Securely sharing confidential data over a distributed ledger with a fully decentralized and efficient access-control mechanism is a non-trivial challenge to solve. Current blockchain systems either do not support such a functionality or fall back to semi-centralized solutions that provide storage and access control for sensitive data off-chain. In this work we present CALYPSO, the first fully-decentralized, auditable access-control framework for secure blockchain-based data-sharing which builds upon two abstractions. First, on-chain secrets enable collective management of (verifiably shared) secrets under a Byzantine adversary where an access-control blockchain enforces user-specific access rules and a secret-management cothority administrates encrypted data. Second, skipchain-based identity and access management enables efficient administration of dynamic, sovereign identities and access policies and, in particular, permits clients to maintain long-term relationships with respect to evolving user identities thanks to the trust-delegating forward links of skipchains. The evaluation of our CALYPSO implementation shows that the latency for processing read and write requests scales linearly with the number of secret-management trustees and is in the range of 0.2 to 8 seconds for 16 to 128 trustees. Lastly, three specific deployments of CALYPSO illustrate its feasibility and applicability to data-sharing problems faced by real-world organizations.

Category / Keywords: applications / blockchain, decentralisation, access control, key management, threshold cryptography, fair-exchange

Date: received 21 Feb 2018, last revised 6 Aug 2018

Contact author: eleftherios kokoriskogias at epfl ch

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Version: 20180806:124914 (All versions of this report)

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