Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/170

On the Ring-LWE and Polynomial-LWE problems

Miruna Rosca and Damien Stehlé and Alexandre Wallet

Abstract: The Ring Learning With Errors problem (RLWE) comes in various forms. Vanilla RLWE is the decision dual-RLWE variant, consisting in distinguishing from uniform a distribution depending on a secret belonging to the dual O_K^vee of the ring of integers O_K of a specified number field K. In primal-RLWE, the secret instead belongs to O_K. Both decision dual-RLWE and primal-RLWE enjoy search counterparts. Also widely used is (search/decision) Polynomial Learning With Errors (PLWE), which is not defined using a ring of integers O_K of a number field K but a polynomial ring ZZ[x]/f for a monic irreducible f in ZZ[x].

We show that there exist reductions between all of these six problems that incur limited parameter losses. More precisely: we prove that the (decision/search) dual to primal reduction from Lyubashevsky et al. [EUROCRYPT~2010] and Peikert [SCN~2016] can be implemented with a small error rate growth for all rings (the resulting reduction is non-uniform polynomial time); we extend it to polynomial-time reductions between (decision/search) primal RLWE and PLWE that work for a family of polynomials f that is exponentially large as a function of deg f (the resulting reduction is also non-uniform polynomial time); and we exploit the recent technique from Peikert et al. [STOC~2017] to obtain a search to decision reduction for RLWE for arbitrary number fields. The reductions incur error rate increases that depend on intrinsic quantities related to K and f.

Category / Keywords: Ring-LWE, PLWE

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-EUROCRYPT-2018

Date: received 8 Feb 2018, last revised 12 Feb 2018

Contact author: damien stehle at gmail com, mirunarosca@gmail com, wallet alexandre@gmail com

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Version: 20180214:124428 (All versions of this report)

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