Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2018/1155

Universally Composable Oblivious Transfer Protocol based on the RLWE Assumption

Pedro Branco and Jintai Ding and Manuel Goul„o and Paulo Mateus

Abstract: We use an RLWE-based key exchange scheme to construct a simple and efficient post-quantum oblivious transfer based on the Ring Learning with Errors assumption. We prove that our protocol is secure in the Universal Composability framework against static malicious adversaries in the random oracle model. The main idea of the protocol is that the receiver and the sender interact using the RLWE-based key exchange in such a way that the sender computes two keys, one of them shared with the receiver. It is infeasible for the sender to know which is the shared key and for the receiver to get information about the other one. The sender encrypts each message with each key using a symmetric-key encryption scheme and the receiver can only decrypt one of the ciphertexts. The protocol is extremely efficient in terms of computational and communication complexity, and thus a strong candidate for post-quantum applications.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / oblivious transfer

Date: received 26 Nov 2018

Contact author: pmbranco at math tecnico ulisboa pt

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Version: 20181203:023813 (All versions of this report)

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