Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/972

Multi-Input Functional Encryption for Inner Products: Function-Hiding Realizations and Constructions without Pairings

Michel Abdalla and Dario Catalano and Dario Fiore and Romain Gay and Bogdan Ursu

Abstract: We present new constructions of multi-input functional encryption (MIFE) schemes for the inner-product functionality that improve the state of the art solution of Abdalla et al. (Eurocrypt 2017) in two main directions. First, we put forward a novel methodology to convert single-input functional encryption for inner products into multi-input schemes for the same functionality. Our transformation is surprisingly simple, general, and efficient. In particular, it does not require pairings and it can be instantiated with all known single-input schemes. This leads to two main advances. First, we enlarge the set of assumptions this primitive can be based on, notably obtaining new MIFEs for inner products from plain DDH, LWE and Composite Residuosity. Second, we obtain the first MIFE schemes from standard assumptions where decryption works efficiently even for messages of super-polynomial size. Our second main contribution is the first function-hiding MIFE scheme for inner products based on standard assumptions. To this end, we show how to extend the original, pairing-based, MIFE by Abdalla et al. in order to make it function hiding, thus obtaining a function-hiding MIFE from the MDDH assumption.

Category / Keywords: Functional Encryption, multi-input, inner-product

Date: received 3 Oct 2017

Contact author: michel abdalla at ens fr

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Version: 20171005:142524 (All versions of this report)

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