Paper 2017/864

Quantum Multicollision-Finding Algorithm

Akinori Hosoyamada, Yu Sasaki, and Keita Xagawa


The current paper presents a new quantum algorithm for finding multicollisions, often denoted by $l$-collisions, where an $l$-collision for a function is a set of $l$ distinct inputs having the same output value. Although it is fundamental in cryptography, the problem of finding multicollisions has not received much attention \emph{in a quantum setting}. The tight bound of quantum query complexity for finding $2$-collisions of random functions has been revealed to be $\Theta(N^{1/3})$, where $N$ is the size of a codomain. However, neither the lower nor upper bound is known for $l$-collisions. The paper first integrates the results from existing research to derive several new observations, e.g.~$l$-collisions can be generated only with $O(N^{1/2})$ quantum queries for a small constant $l$. Then a new quantum algorithm is proposed, which finds an $l$-collision of any function that has a domain size $l$ times larger than the codomain size. A rigorous proof is given to guarantee that the expected number of quantum queries is $O\left( N^{(3^{l-1}-1)/(2 \cdot 3^{l-1})} \right)$ for a small constant $l$, which matches the tight bound of $\Theta(N^{1/3})$ for $l=2$ and improves the known bounds, say, the above simple bound of $O(N^{1/2})$.

Available format(s)
Publication info
Published by the IACR in ASIACRYPT 2017
post-quantum cryptographymulticollisionquantum algorithmGroverBHTrigorous complexity evaluationstate-of-art
Contact author(s)
hosoyamada akinori @ lab ntt co jp
2017-09-13: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Akinori Hosoyamada and Yu Sasaki and Keita Xagawa},
      title = {Quantum Multicollision-Finding Algorithm},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2017/864},
      year = {2017},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
Note: In order to protect the privacy of readers, does not use cookies or embedded third party content.