Paper 2017/856

Zero-Knowledge Arguments for Lattice-Based PRFs and Applications to E-Cash

Benoît Libert, San Ling, Khoa Nguyen, and Huaxiong Wang


Beyond their security guarantees under well-studied assumptions, algebraic pseudo-random functions are motivated by their compatibility with efficient zero-knowledge proof systems, which is useful in a number of privacy applications like digital cash. We consider the problem of proving the correct evaluation of lattice-based PRFs based on the Learning-With-Rounding (LWR) problem introduced by Banerjee et al. (Eurocrypt'12). Namely, we are interested zero-knowledge arguments of knowledge of triples $(y,k,x)$ such that $y=F_k(x)$ is the correct evaluation of a PRF for a secret input $x$ and a committed key $k$. While analogous statements admit efficient zero-knowledge protocols in the discrete logarithm setting, they have never been addressed in lattices so far. We provide such arguments for the key homomorphic PRF of Boneh et al. (Crypto'13) and the generic PRF implied by the LWR-based pseudo-random generator. As an application of our ZK arguments, we design the first compact e-cash system based on lattice assumptions. By ``compact'', we mean that the complexity is at most logarithmic in the value of withdrawn wallets. Our system can be seen as a lattice-based analogue of the first compact e-cash construction due to Camenisch, Hohenberger and Lysyanskaya (Eurocrypt'05).

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
A major revision of an IACR publication in ASIACRYPT 2017
Latticespseudo-random functionszero-knowledge argumentse-cash systemsanonymity
Contact author(s)
khoantt @ ntu edu sg
2017-09-09: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Benoît Libert and San Ling and Khoa Nguyen and Huaxiong Wang},
      title = {Zero-Knowledge Arguments for Lattice-Based PRFs and Applications to E-Cash},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2017/856},
      year = {2017},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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