Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/779

Efficient Random Grid Visual Cryptographic Schemes having Essential Members

Bibhas Chandra Das and Md Kutubuddin Sardar and Avishek Adhikari

Abstract: In this paper we consider ``OR" based monochrome random grid visual cryptographic schemes (RGVCS) for $t$-$(k,n)^*$ access structure which is a generalization of the threshold $(k,n)$ access structure in the sense that in all the successful attempts to recover the secret image, the $t$ essential participants must always be present. Up to the best of our knowledge, the current proposed work is the first in the literature of RGVCS which provides efficient direct constructions for the $t$-$(k,n)^*$-RGVCS for ``OR" based model. Finding the closed form of light contrast is a challenging work. However, in this paper we come up with the closed form of the light contrast for the ``OR" based model. In literature, there are visual cryptographic schemes where the secret reconstruction is done by binary ``XOR" operation instead of ``OR" operation to increase the relative contrast of the decoded image. In this paper, we also propose an extended grid based $t$-$(k,n)^*$-RGVCS in which we replace the traditional ``OR" operation by ``XOR" operation. Note that the use of XOR operation indicates that the decoding must be performed computationally and not visually. We justified our schemes using both experimental as well as simulation based data.

Category / Keywords: applications / Grid based Visual Cryptography

Date: received 12 Aug 2017, last revised 7 Feb 2021

Contact author: avishek adh at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: We have updated the results.

Version: 20210207:180922 (All versions of this report)

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