Paper 2017/616

Statement Voting

Bingsheng Zhang and Hong-Sheng Zhou


The existing (election) voting systems, e.g., representative democracy, have many limitations and often fail to serve the best interest of the people in a collective decision-making process. To address this issue, the concept of liquid democracy has been emerging as an alternative decision-making model to make better use of ``the wisdom of crowds''. However, there is no known cryptographically secure e-voting implementation that supports liquid democracy. In this work, we propose a new voting concept called \emph{statement voting}, which can be viewed as a natural extension of the conventional voting approaches. In the statement voting, instead of defining a concrete election candidate, each voter can define a statement in his/her ballot but leave the vote ``undefined'' during the voting phase. During the tally phase, the (conditional) actions expressed in the statement will be carried out to determine the final vote. We initiate the study of statement voting under the Universal Composability (UC) framework, and propose several construction frameworks together with their instantiations. As an application, we show how statement voting can be used to realize a UC-secure liquid democracy voting system. We remark that our statement voting can be extended to enable more complex voting and generic ledger-based non-interactive multi-party computation. We believe that the statement voting concept opens a door for constructing a new class of e-voting schemes.

Note: A preliminary version of this work was presented as a brief announcement at the 36th The ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing (PODC).

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Preprint. MINOR revision.
cryptographic protocols
Contact author(s)
hongsheng zhou @ gmail com
2018-02-28: last of 3 revisions
2017-06-27: received
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      author = {Bingsheng Zhang and Hong-Sheng Zhou},
      title = {Statement Voting},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2017/616},
      year = {2017},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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