Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/324

Family of PRGs based on Collections of Arithmetic Progressions

Ch. Srikanth and C.E. Veni Madhavan

Abstract: We consider the mathematical object: \textit{collection of arithmetic progressions} with elements satisfying the property: \textit{$j^{th}$ terms of $i^{th}$ and $(i+1)^{th}$ progressions of the collection are multiplicative inverses of each other modulo the $(j+1)^{th}$ term of $i^{th}$ progression}. Under a \textit{certain} condition on the common differences of the progressions, such a collection is {\em uniquely} generated from a pair of co-prime seed integers. The object is closely connected to the standard Euclidean gcd algorithm. In this work, we present one application of this object to a novel construction of a new family of pseudo random number generators (PRG) or symmetric key ciphers. We present an authenticated encryption scheme which is another application of the defined object.

In this paper, we pay our attention to a basic symmetric key method of the new family. The security of the method is based on a well-defined hard problem. Interestingly, a special case of the hard problem (defined as Problem A) is shown to be computationally equivalent to the problem of factoring integers. The work leaves some open issues, which are being addressed in our ongoing work.

Category / Keywords: Arithmetic progression, sequence, pseudorandom number, factoring, Euclidean algorithm, authenticated encryption

Date: received 10 Apr 2017, last revised 22 Jul 2018

Contact author: sricheru1214 at gmail com

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Note: (1) Abstract is modified (2) One author name is removed from the list of authors

Version: 20180722:114809 (All versions of this report)

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