Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/174

Cost-Aware Cut-and-Choose Games with Applications in Cryptography and Prefix-Free Codes

Ruiyu Zhu and Yan Huang

Abstract: Cost-aware cut-and-choose game is a fundamental technique that has many cryptographic applications. Best existing solutions of this game assumed for simplicity that the number of challenges is publicly known. This paper considers an extension of this game where the number of challenges can be picked probabilistically and hidden to the adversary. Although this small change leads to a linear program with infinitely many variables and constraints, we discover a surprising efficiency solver using only O(n2) space and O(n2) time where n is the upper-bound on the number of challenges allowed in the strategy space. We then prove that n is bounded for any fixed cost ratio, implying the optimality of our solution extends to the strategy space that allow any number of challenges. As two interesting applications of our game solver, we demonstrate its value in constructing an actively secure two-party computation protocol and an optimal prefix-free code for encryptions.

Category / Keywords: foundations / Cut-and-choose games, Algorithmic game theory, Unequal-cost Huffman codes, Actively-secure two-party computation

Date: received 21 Feb 2017

Contact author: yhuang at cs umd edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20170227:145003 (All versions of this report)

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