Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/1249

Quantum cryptanalysis on some Generalized Feistel Schemes

Xiaoyang Dong and Zheng Li and Xiaoyun Wang

Abstract: Post-quantum cryptography has attracted much attention from worldwide cryptologists. In ISIT 2010, Kuwakado and Morii gave a quantum distinguisher with polynomial time against 3-round Feistel networks. However, generalized Feistel schemes (GFS) have not been systematically investigated against quantum attacks. In this paper, we study the quantum distinguishers about some generalized Feistel schemes. For $d$-branch Type-1 GFS (CAST256-like Feistel structure), we introduce ($2d-1$)-round quantum distinguishers with polynomial time. For $2d$-branch Type-2 GFS (RC6/CLEFIA-like Feistel structure), we give ($2d+1$)-round quantum distinguishers with polynomial time. Classically, Moriai and Vaudenay proved that a 7-round $4$-branch Type-1 GFS and 5-round $4$-branch Type-2 GFS are secure pseudo-random permutations. Obviously, they are no longer secure in quantum setting.

Using the above quantum distinguishers, we introduce generic quantum key-recovery attacks by applying the combination of Simon's and Grover's algorithms recently proposed by Leander and May. We denote $n$ as the bit length of a branch. For $(d^2-d+2)$-round Type-1 GFS with $d$ branches, the time complexity is $2^{(\frac{1}{2}d^2-\frac{3}{2}d+2)\cdot \frac{n}{2}}$, which is better than the quantum brute force search (Grover search) by a factor $2^{(\frac{1}{4}d^2+\frac{1}{4}d)n}$. For $4d$-round Type-2 GFS with $2d$ branches, the time complexity is $2^{{\frac{d^2 n}{2}}}$, which is better than the quantum brute force search by a factor $2^{{\frac{3d^2 n}{2}}}$.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / Quantum cryptanalysis

Original Publication (with minor differences): SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences

Date: received 27 Dec 2017, last revised 7 May 2018

Contact author: xiaoyangdong at tsinghua edu cn

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Version: 20180507:092724 (All versions of this report)

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