Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/1236

Fast Quantum Algorithm for Solving Multivariate Quadratic Equations

Jean-Charles Faugère and Kelsey Horan and Delaram Kahrobaei and Marc Kaplan and Elham Kashefi and Ludovic Perret

Abstract: In August 2015 the cryptographic world was shaken by a sudden and surprising announcement by the US National Security Agency (NSA) concerning plans to transition to post-quantum algorithms. Since this announcement post-quantum cryptography has become a topic of primary interest for several standardization bodies. The transition from the currently deployed public-key algorithms to post-quantum algorithms has been found to be challenging in many aspects. In particular the problem of evaluating the quantum-bit security of such post-quantum cryptosystems remains vastly open. Of course this question is of primarily concern in the process of standardizing the post-quantum cryptosystems. In this paper we consider the quantum security of the problem of solving a system of $m$ Boolean multivariate quadratic equations in $n$ variables (MQ$_2$); a central problem in post-quantum cryptography. When $n=m$, under a natural algebraic assumption, we present a Las-Vegas quantum algorithm solving MQ$_2$ that requires the evaluation of, on average, $O(2^{0.462n})$ quantum gates. To our knowledge this is the fastest algorithm for solving MQ$_2$.

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Date: received 19 Dec 2017, last revised 22 Dec 2017

Contact author: ludovic perret at lip6 fr

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: This work is independent of ``Asymptotically faster quantum algorithms to solve multivariate quadratic equations'' from Daniel J. Bernstein and Bo-Yin Yang that recently appeared in Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/1206.

Version: 20171222:231152 (All versions of this report)

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