Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/1031

Lightweight Design Choices for LED-like Block Ciphers

Sumanta Sarkar and Habeeb Syed and Rajat Sadhukhan and Debdeep Mukhopadhyay

Abstract: Serial matrices are a preferred choice for building diffusion layers of lightweight block ciphers as one just needs to implement the last row of such a matrix. In this work we analyze a new class of serial matrices which are the lightest possible $4 \times 4$ serial matrix that can be used to build diffusion layers. With this new matrix we show that block ciphers like LED can be implemented with a reduced area in hardware designs, though it has to be cycled for more iterations. Further, we suggest the usage of an alternative S-box to the standard S-box used in LED with similar cryptographic robustness, albeit having lesser area footprint. Finally, we combine these ideas in an end-end FPGA based prototype of LED. We show that with these optimizations, there is a reduction of $16% $ in area footprint of one round implementation of LED.

Category / Keywords: MDS matrix, Serial matrix, Recursive Diffusion Layer, Lightweight, S-box, LED

Original Publication (in the same form): Indocrypt 2017

Date: received 18 Oct 2017

Contact author: sumanta sarkar at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20171028:203654 (All versions of this report)

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