Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/090

Crypt-DAC: Cryptographically Enforced Dynamic Access Control in the Cloud

Saiyu Qi and Yuanqing Zheng

Abstract: Enabling cryptographically enforced access controls for data hosted in untrusted cloud is attractive for many users and organizations. However, designing efficient cryptographically enforced dynamic access control system in the cloud is still a chal- lenging issue. In this paper, we propose Crypt-DAC, a system that provides practical cryptographic enforcement of dynamic access control. Crypt-DAC revokes access permissions by delegating the cloud to update encrypted data. In Crypt-DAC, a file is encrypted by a symmetric key list which records a file key and a sequence of revocation keys. In each revocation, a dedicated administrator sends a new revocation key to the cloud and requests it to encrypt the file with a new layer of encryption and update the encrypted key list accordingly. Crypt-DAC proposes three key techniques to constrain the size of key list and encryption layers as revocations continuously happen. As a result, Crypt- DAC enforces dynamic access control that provides efficiency, as it does not require expensive decryption/re-encryption and uploading/re-uploading of large data at the administrator side, and security, as it immediately revokes access permissions. We use formalization framework and system implementation to demonstrate the security and efficiency of our construction.

Category / Keywords: access control, cloud

Date: received 5 Feb 2017, last revised 15 Jan 2018

Contact author: syqi at connect ust hk

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Version: 20180116:043245 (All versions of this report)

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