Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/892

Privacy-Preserving Distributed Linear Regression on High-Dimensional Data

Adrià Gascón and Phillipp Schoppmann and Borja Balle and Mariana Raykova and Jack Doerner and Samee Zahur and David Evans

Abstract: We propose privacy-preserving protocols for computing linear regression models, in the setting where the training dataset is vertically distributed among several parties. Our main contribution is a hybrid multi-party computation protocol that combines Yao's garbled circuits with tailored protocols for computing inner products. Like many machine learning tasks, building a linear regression model involves solving a system of linear equations. We conduct a comprehensive evaluation and comparison of different techniques for securely performing this task, including a new Conjugate Gradient Descent (CGD) algorithm. This algorithm is suitable for secure computation because it uses an efficient fixed-point representation of real numbers while maintaining accuracy and convergence rates comparable to what can be obtained with a classical solution using floating point numbers. Our technique improves on Nikolaenko et al.'s method for privacy-preserving ridge regression (S&P 2013), and can be used as a building block in other analyses. We implement a complete system and demonstrate that our approach is highly scalable, solving data analysis problems with one million records and one hundred features in less than one hour of total running time.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / multi-party computation, garbled circuits, linear regression

Original Publication (in the same form): Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies

Date: received 13 Sep 2016, last revised 17 Oct 2017

Contact author: schoppmann at informatik hu-berlin de

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

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Version: 20171017:114427 (All versions of this report)

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