Paper 2016/808

Simulating Auxiliary Inputs, Revisited

Maciej Skorski

Abstract

For any pair $(X,Z)$ of correlated random variables we can think of $Z$ as a randomized function of $X$. If the domain of $Z$ is small, one can make this function computationally efficient by allowing it to be only approximately correct. In folklore this problem is known as _simulating auxiliary inputs_. This idea of simulating auxiliary information turns out to be a very usefull tool, finding applications in complexity theory, cryptography, pseudorandomness and zero-knowledge. In this paper we revisit this problem, achieving the following results: (a) We present a novel boosting algorithm for constructing the simulator. This boosting proof is of independent interest, as it shows how to handle "negative mass" issues when constructing probability measures by shifting distinguishers in descent algorithms. Our technique essentially fixes the flaw in the TCC'14 paper "How to Fake Auxiliary Inputs". (b) The complexity of our simulator is better than in previous works, including results derived from the uniform min-max theorem due to Vadhan and Zheng. To achieve $(s,\epsilon)$-indistinguishability we need the complexity $O\left(s\cdot 2^{5\ell}\epsilon^{-2}\right)$ in time/circuit size, which improve previous bounds by a factor of $\epsilon^{-2}$. In particular, with we get meaningful provable security for the EUROCRYPT'09 leakage-resilient stream cipher instantiated with a standard 256-bit block cipher, like $\mathsf{AES256}$. Our boosting technique utilizes a two-step approach. In the first step we shift the current result (as in gradient or sub-gradient descent algorithms) and in the separate step we fix the biggest non-negative mass constraint violation (if applicable).

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Publication info
Published by the IACR in Tcc 2016
Contact author(s)
maciej skorski @ gmail com
History
2016-08-25: received
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2016/808
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2016/808,
      author = {Maciej Skorski},
      title = {Simulating Auxiliary Inputs, Revisited},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2016/808},
      year = {2016},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/808}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/808}
}
Note: In order to protect the privacy of readers, eprint.iacr.org does not use cookies or embedded third party content.