Paper 2016/655

A Tag Based Encoding: An Efficient Encoding for Predicate Encryption in Prime Order Groups

Jongkil Kim, Willy Susilo, Fuchun Guo, and Man Ho Au


We introduce a tag based encoding, a new generic framework for modular design of Predicate Encryption (PE) schemes in prime order groups. Our framework is equipped with a compiler which is adaptively secure in prime order groups under the standard Decisional Linear Assumption (DLIN). Compared with prior encoding frameworks in prime order groups which require multiple group elements to interpret a tuple of an encoding in a real scheme, our framework has a distinctive feature which is that each element of an encoding can be represented with only a group element and an integer. This difference allows us to construct a more efficient encryption scheme. In the current literature, the most efficient compiler was proposed by Chen, Gay and Wee (CGW) in Eurocrypt'15. It features one tuple of an encoding into two group elements under the Symmetric External Diffie-Hellman assumption (SXDH). Compared with their compiler, our encoding construction saves the size of either private keys or ciphertexts up-to 25 percent and reduces decryption time and the size of public key up-to 50 percent in 128 security level. Several new schemes such as inner product encryption with short keys, dual spatial encryption with short keys and hierarchical identity based encryption with short ciphertexts are also introduced as instances of our encoding.

Note: There is a typo in the title of the paper.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Published elsewhere. MINOR revision.SCN 2016
encodingsprime order groupsinner product encryptionspatial encryptionpredicate encryption
Contact author(s)
jk057 @ uowmail edu au
2017-03-24: last of 2 revisions
2016-06-28: received
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Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Jongkil Kim and Willy Susilo and Fuchun Guo and Man Ho Au},
      title = {A Tag Based Encoding: An Efficient Encoding for Predicate Encryption in Prime Order Groups},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2016/655},
      year = {2016},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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