Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/1148

Splinter: Practical Private Queries on Public Data

Frank Wang and Catherine Yun and Shafi Goldwasser and Vinod Vaikuntanathan and Matei Zaharia

Abstract: Many online services let users query public datasets such as maps, flight prices, or restaurant reviews. Unfortunately, the queries to these services reveal highly sensitive information that can compromise users’ privacy. This paper presents Splinter, a system that protects users’ queries on public data and scales to realistic applications. A user splits her query into multiple parts and sends each part to a different provider that holds a copy of the data. As long as any one of the providers is honest and does not collude with the others, the providers cannot determine the query. Splinter uses and extends a new cryptographic primitive called Function Secret Sharing (FSS) that makes it up to an order of magnitude more efficient than prior systems based on Private Information Retrieval and garbled circuits. We develop protocols extending FSS to new types of queries, such as MAX and TOPK queries. We also provide an optimized implementation of FSS using AES-NI instructions and multicores. Splinter achieves end-to-end latencies below 1.6 seconds for realistic workloads including a Yelp clone, flight search, and map routing.

Category / Keywords: applications / function secret sharing, privacy, implementation

Original Publication (with minor differences): 14th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation

Date: received 13 Dec 2016, last revised 23 Feb 2017

Contact author: frankw at mit edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20170224:024111 (All versions of this report)

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