Paper 2016/1140

Attribute Based Encryption: Traitor Tracing, Revocation and Fully Security on Prime Order Groups

Xiaoyi Li, Kaitai Liang, Zhen Liu, and Duncan S. Wong

Abstract

A Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) allows users to specify the access policies without having to know the identities of users. In this paper, we contribute by proposing an ABE scheme which enables revoking corrupted users. Given a key-like blackbox, our system can identify at least one of the users whose key must have been used to construct the blackbox and can revoke the key from the system. This paper extends the work of Liu and Wong to achieve traitor revocability. We construct an Augmented Revocable CP-ABE (AugR-CP-ABE) scheme, and describe its security by message-hiding and index-hiding games. Then we prove that an AugR-CP-ABE scheme with message-hiding and index-hiding properties can be transferred to a secure Revocable CP-ABE with fully collusion-resistant blackbox traceability. In the proof for index-hiding, we divide the adversary's behaviors in two ways and build direct reductions that use adversary to solve the D3DH problem. Our scheme achieves the sub-linear overhead of $O(\sqrt{N})$, where $N$ is the number of users in the system. This scheme is highly expressive and can take any monotonic access structures as ciphertext policies.

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Publication info
Preprint. Major revision.
Keywords
Traitor TracingRevocationPrime Order Groups
Contact author(s)
xiaoyili @ astri org
History
2017-05-09: revised
2016-12-14: received
See all versions
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2016/1140
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2016/1140,
      author = {Xiaoyi Li and Kaitai Liang and Zhen Liu and Duncan S.  Wong},
      title = {Attribute Based Encryption: Traitor Tracing, Revocation and Fully Security on Prime Order Groups},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2016/1140},
      year = {2016},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/1140}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/1140}
}
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