Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/1086

An Attribute-Based Anonymous Broadcast Encryption Scheme with Adaptive Security in the Standard Model

Reyhaneh Rabaninejad and Mohammad Hassan Ameri and Mahshid Delavar and Javad Mohajeri

Abstract: In broadcast encryption schemes, a distribution center broadcasts an encrypted message to a subset $ S $ chosen from a universe of receivers and only the intended users are able to decrypt the message. Most broadcast encryption schemes do not provide anonymity and the identities of target receivers are sent in plaintext. However, in several applications, the authorized users' identities has the same sensitivity as the message itself. YRL, is an anonymous attribute-based broadcast encryption scheme with linear computation, communication and storage overheads in the number of attributes. In this paper, we first propose an attack on the YRL scheme and show that unfortunately the unauthorized receivers can also decrypt the broadcasted message. Next, we propose the Improved-YRL scheme and prove that it achieves anonymity and semantic security under adaptive corruptions in the chosen ciphertext setting. The proof is provided using the dual system encryption technique and is based on three complexity assumptions in composite order bilinear maps. The Improved-YRL scheme is a step forward in solving the long-standing problem of secure and low overhead anonymous broadcast encryption.

Category / Keywords: Broadcast Encryption, Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE), Access Structure, Anonymity, Provable Security, Attack.

Date: received 19 Nov 2016

Contact author: amerim70 at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20161121:122729 (All versions of this report)

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