Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/080

Cryptanalysis of PRINCE with Minimal Data

Shahram Rasoolzadeh and Håvard Raddum

Abstract: We investigate two attacks on the PRINCE block cipher in the most realistic scenario, when the attacker only has a minimal amount of known plaintext available. The first attack is called Accelerated Exhaustive Search, and is able to recover the key for up to the full 12-round PRINCE with a complexity slightly lower than the security claim given by the designers. The second attack is a meet-in-the-middle attack, where we show how to successfully attack 8- and 10-round PRINCE with only two known plaintext/ciphertext pairs. Both attacks take advantage of the fact that the two middle rounds in PRINCE are unkeyed, so guessing the state before the first middle round gives the state after the second round practically for free. These attacks are the fastest until now in the known plaintext scenario for the 8 and 10 reduced-round versions and the full 12-round of PRINCE.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / PRINCE, lightweight cipher, cryptanalysis, exhaustive search, meet-in-the-middle.

Original Publication (with minor differences): Progress in Cryptography - AFRICACRYPT 2016

Date: received 29 Jan 2016, last revised 20 Aug 2016

Contact author: shahram at simula no

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20160820:075546 (All versions of this report)

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