Paper 2015/769

On the Hardness of Learning with Rounding over Small Modulus

Andrej Bogdanov, Siyao Guo, Daniel Masny, Silas Richelson, and Alon Rosen


We show the following reductions from the learning with errors problem (LWE) to the learning with rounding problem (LWR): (1) Learning the secret and (2) distinguishing samples from random strings is at least as hard for LWR as it is for LWE for efficient algorithms if the number of samples is no larger than O(q/Bp), where q is the LWR modulus, p is the rounding modulus and the noise is sampled from any distribution supported over the set {-B,...,B}. Our second result generalizes a theorem of Alwen, Krenn, Pietrzak and Wichs (CRYPTO 2013) and provides an alternate proof of it. Unlike Alwen et al., we do not impose any number theoretic restrictions on the modulus q. The first result also extends to variants of LWR and LWE over polynomial rings. As additional results we show that (3) distinguishing any number of LWR samples from random strings is of equivalent hardness to LWE whose noise distribution is uniform over the integers in the range [-q/2p,...,q/2p) provided q is a multiple of p and (4) the "noise flooding" technique for converting faulty LWE noise to a discrete Gaussian distribution can be applied whenever q = \Omega(B\sqrt{m}). All our reductions preserve sample complexity and have time complexity at most polynomial in q, the dimension, and the number of samples.

Available format(s)
Publication info
Published elsewhere. Minor revision. TCC 2016a
Contact author(s)
silas richelson @ gmail com
2016-02-05: revised
2015-07-31: received
See all versions
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Andrej Bogdanov and Siyao Guo and Daniel Masny and Silas Richelson and Alon Rosen},
      title = {On the Hardness of Learning with Rounding over Small Modulus},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2015/769},
      year = {2015},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
Note: In order to protect the privacy of readers, does not use cookies or embedded third party content.