Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/495

Powers of Subfield Polynomials and Algebraic Attacks on Word-Based Stream Ciphers

Sondre Rønjom

Abstract: In this paper we investigate univariate algebraic attacks on filter generators over extension fields $\F_q=\F_{2^n}$ with focus on the Welch-Gong (WG) family of stream ciphers. Our main contribution is to break WG-5, WG-7, WG-8 and WG-16 by combining results on the so-called spectral immunity (minimum distance of certain cyclic codes) with properties of the WG type stream cipher construction. The spectral immunity is the univariate analog of algebraic immunity and instead of measuring degree of multiples of a multivariate polynomial, it measures the minimum number of nonzero coefficients of a multiple of a univariate polynomial. Based on the structure of the general WG-construction, we deduce better bounds for the spectral immunity and the univariate analog of algebraic attacks.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / stream ciphers, algebraic attacks, Welch-Gong

Date: received 24 May 2015, last revised 2 Jun 2015

Contact author: sondrer at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Presented at WCC 2015

Version: 20150602:075529 (All versions of this report)

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