Paper 2015/1027

Extended Tower Number Field Sieve: A New Complexity for the Medium Prime Case

Taechan Kim and Razvan Barbulescu


We introduce a new variant of the number field sieve algorithm for discrete logarithms in $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}$ called exTNFS. The most important modification is done in the polynomial selection step, which determines the cost of the whole algorithm: if one knows how to select good polynomials to tackle discrete logarithms in $\mathbb{F}_{p^\kappa}$, exTNFS allows to use this method when tackling $\mathbb{F}_{p^{\eta\kappa}}$ whenever $\gcd(\eta,\kappa)=1$. This simple fact has consequences on the asymptotic complexity of NFS in the medium prime case, where the complexity is reduced from $L_Q(1/3,\sqrt[3]{96/9})$ to $L_Q(1/3,\sqrt[3]{48/9})$, $Q=p^n$, respectively from $L_Q(1/3,2.15)$ to $L_Q(1/3,1.71)$ if multiple number fields are used. On the practical side, exTNFS can be used when $n=6$ and $n=12$ and this requires to updating the keysizes used for the associated pairing-based cryptosystems.

Note: This is a merged version of two consecutive papers, eprint 2015/1027 and eprint 2015/1076.

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Publication info
A minor revision of an IACR publication in Crypto 2016
Discrete Logarithm ProblemNumber Field SieveFinite FieldsCryptanalysis
Contact author(s)
yoshiki1 @ snu ac kr
2016-06-03: last of 2 revisions
2015-10-26: received
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      author = {Taechan Kim and Razvan Barbulescu},
      title = {Extended Tower Number Field Sieve: A New Complexity for the Medium Prime Case},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2015/1027},
      year = {2015},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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