Paper 2015/055

Richer Efficiency/Security Trade-offs in 2PC

Vladimir Kolesnikov, Payman Mohassel, Ben Riva, and Mike Rosulek


The dual-execution protocol of Mohassel \& Franklin (PKC 2006) is a highly efficient (each party garbling only one circuit) 2PC protocol that achieves malicious security apart from leaking an {\em arbitrary, adversarially-chosen} predicate about the honest party's input. We present two practical and orthogonal approaches to improve the security of the dual-execution technique. First, we show how to greatly restrict the predicate that an adversary can learn in the protocol, to a natural notion of ``only computation leaks''-style leakage. Along the way, we identify a natural security property of garbled circuits called {\em property-enforcing} that may be of independent interest. Second, we address a complementary direction of reducing the probability that the leakage occurs. We propose a new dual-execution protocol --- with a very light cheating-detection phase and each party garbling $s+1$ circuits --- in which a cheating party learns a bit with probability only $2^{-s}$. Our concrete measurements show approximately $35\%$ reduction in communication for the AES circuit, compared to the best combination of state of the art techniques for achieving the same security notion. Combining the two results, we achieve a rich continuum of practical trade-offs between efficiency \& security, connecting the covert, dual-execution and full-malicious guarantees.

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Published by the IACR in TCC 2015
secure two-party computation
Contact author(s)
rosulekm @ eecs oregonstate edu
2015-04-06: revised
2015-01-23: received
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Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Vladimir Kolesnikov and Payman Mohassel and Ben Riva and Mike Rosulek},
      title = {Richer Efficiency/Security Trade-offs in 2PC},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2015/055},
      year = {2015},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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