Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/043

Group Signature with Deniability: How to Disavow a Signature

Ai Ishida, Keita Emura, Goichiro Hanaoka, Yusuke Sakai, and Keisuke Tanaka

Abstract: Group signatures are a class of digital signatures with enhanced privacy. By using this type of signature, a user can sign a message on behalf of a specific group without revealing his identity, but in the case of a dispute, an authority can expose the identity of the signer. However, in some situations it is only required to know whether a specific user is the signer of a given signature. In this case, the use of a standard group signature may be problematic since the specified user might not be the signer of the given signature, and hence, the identity of the actual signer will be exposed. Inspired by this problem, we propose the notion of a deniable group signature, where, with respect to a signature and a user, the authority can issue a proof showing that the specified user is NOT the signer of the signature, without revealing the actual signer. We also describe a fairly practical construction by extending the Groth group signature scheme (ASIACRYPT 2007). In particular, a denial proof in our scheme consists of 96 group elements, which is about twice the size of a signature in the Groth scheme. The proposed scheme is provably secure under the same assumptions as those of the Groth scheme.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / group signature, deniability, non-interactive zero-knowledge proof, bilinear map

Date: received 19 Jan 2015, last revised 22 Feb 2015

Contact author: ishida0 at is titech ac jp

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Version: 20150223:043554 (All versions of this report)

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