Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/938

Trapdoor Computational Fuzzy Extractors and Stateless Cryptographically-Secure Physical Unclonable Functions

Charles Herder and Ling Ren and Marten van Dijk and Meng-Day (Mandel) Yu and Srinivas Devadas

Abstract: We present a fuzzy extractor whose security can be reduced to the hardness of Learning Parity with Noise (LPN) and can efficiently correct a constant fraction of errors in a biometric source with a ``noise-avoiding trapdoor." Using this computational fuzzy extractor, we present a stateless construction of a cryptographically-secure Physical Unclonable Function. Our construct requires no non-volatile (permanent) storage, secure or otherwise, and its computational security can be reduced to the hardness of an LPN variant under the random oracle model. The construction is ``stateless,'' because there is \emph{no} information stored between subsequent queries, which mitigates attacks against the PUF via tampering. Moreover, our stateless construction corresponds to a PUF whose outputs are free of noise because of internal error-correcting capability, which enables a host of applications beyond authentication. We describe the construction, provide a proof of computational security, analysis of the security parameter for system parameter choices, and present experimental evidence that the construction is practical and reliable under a wide environmental range.

Category / Keywords: foundations / Physical Unclonable Function, PUF, ring oscillator, learning parity with noise, LPN, learning with errors, LWE

Date: received 15 Nov 2014, last revised 8 May 2016

Contact author: devadas at mit edu

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Version: 20160509:002057 (All versions of this report)

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