Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/557

Round-Efficient Black-Box Construction of Composable Multi-Party Computation

Susumu Kiyoshima

Abstract: We present a round-efficient black-box construction of a general multi-party computation (MPC) protocol that satisfies composability in the plain model. The security of our protocol is proven in the angel-based UC framework [Prabhakaran and Sahai, STOC'04] under the minimal assumption of the existence of semi-honest oblivious transfer protocols. The round complexity of our protocol is \max(\tilde{O}(\log^2 n), O(R_{OT})) when the round complexity of the underlying oblivious transfer protocol is R_{OT}. Since constant-round semi-honest oblivious transfer protocols can be constructed under standard assumptions (such as the existence of enhanced trapdoor permutations), our result gives a \tilde{O}(\log^2 n)-round protocol under these assumptions. Previously, only an O(\max(n^{\epsilon}, R_{OT}))-round protocol was shown, where \epsilon>0 is an arbitrary constant.

We obtain our MPC protocol by constructing a \tilde{O}(\log^2 n)-round CCA-secure commitment scheme in a black-box way under the assumption of the existence of one-way functions.

Category / Keywords: foundations / composable security, CCA-secure commitment scheme

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-JOC-2018

Date: received 16 Jul 2014, last revised 20 Aug 2018

Contact author: kiyoshima susumu at lab ntt co jp

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: A preliminary version of this paper was presented at CRYPTO 2014 (the main result remains the same).

Version: 20180821:054553 (All versions of this report)

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