Paper 2014/501

WHIRLBOB, the Whirlpool based Variant of STRIBOB: Lighter, Faster, and Constant Time

Markku--Juhani O. Saarinen and Billy Bob Brumley

Abstract

WHIRLBOB, also known as STRIBOBr2, is an AEAD (Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data) algorithm derived from STRIBOBr1 and the Whirlpool hash algorithm. WHIRLBOB/STRIBOBr2 is a second round candidate in the CAESAR competition. As with STRIBOBr1, the reduced-size Sponge design has a strong provable security link with a standardized hash algorithm. The new design utilizes only the LPS or $\rho$ component of Whirlpool in flexibly domain-separated BLNK Sponge mode. The number of rounds is increased from 10 to 12 as a countermeasure against Rebound Distinguishing attacks. The $8 \times 8$ - bit S-Box used by Whirlpool and WHIRLBOB is constructed from $4 \times 4$ - bit ``MiniBoxes''. We report on fast constant-time Intel SSSE3 and ARM NEON SIMD WHIRLBOB implementations that keep full miniboxes in registers and access them via SIMD shuffles. This is an efficient countermeasure against AES-style cache timing side-channel attacks. Another main advantage of WHIRLBOB over STRIBOBr1 (and most other AEADs) is its greatly reduced implementation footprint on lightweight platforms. On many lower-end microcontrollers the total software footprint of $\pi$+BLNK = WHIRLBOB AEAD is less than half a kilobyte. We also report an FPGA implementation that requires 4,946 logic units for a single round of WHIRLBOB, which compares favorably to 7,972 required for Keccak / Keyak on the same target platform. The relatively small S-Box gate count also enables efficient 64-bit bitsliced straight-line implementations. We finally present some discussion and analysis on the relationships between WHIRLBOB, Whirlpool, the Russian GOST Streebog hash, and the recent draft Russian Encryption Standard Kuznyechik.

Note: Major revision of original.

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Publication info
Published elsewhere. MINOR revision.NORDSEC '15, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-21, 2015.
Keywords
WHIRLBOBSTRIBOBr1Authenticated EncryptionSponge DesignsTiming AttacksWhirlpoolStreebogCAESAR Competition.
Contact author(s)
mjos @ iki fi
History
2015-08-27: last of 44 revisions
2014-06-26: received
See all versions
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2014/501
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2014/501,
      author = {Markku--Juhani O.  Saarinen and Billy Bob Brumley},
      title = {WHIRLBOB, the Whirlpool based Variant of STRIBOB: Lighter, Faster, and Constant Time},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2014/501},
      year = {2014},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/501}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/501}
}
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