Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/457

Transcript secure signatures based on modular lattices

Jeff Hoffstein and Jill Pipher and John M. Schanck and Joseph H. Silverman and William Whyte

Abstract: We introduce a class of lattice-based digital signature schemes based on modular properties of the coordinates of lattice vectors. We also suggest a method of making such schemes transcript secure via a rejection sampling technique of Lyubashevsky (2009). A particular instantiation of this approach is given, using NTRU lattices. Although the scheme is not supported by a formal security reduction, we present arguments for its security and derive concrete parameters (first version) based on the performance of state-of-the-art lattice reduction and enumeration tech- niques. In the revision, we re-evaluate the security of first version of the parameter sets, under the hybrid approach of lattice reduction attack the meet-in-the-middle attack. We present new sets of parameters that are robust against this attack, as well as all previous known attacks.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / lattice techniques, digital signatures

Original Publication (with minor differences): PQCRYPTO 2014

Date: received 13 Jun 2014, last revised 29 Apr 2016

Contact author: wwhyte at securityinnovation com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: In this revision, we revisit the security of the proposed parameter sets of the NTRUMLS scheme. The re-evaluation of the security is based on an analysis of a hybrid attack on NTRU lattices. We also propose a new set of parameters that are immune to the above cryptanalysis. For a given security level, we increased the dimension of the NTRU lattice, while reducing the modulus q. This gives us a very low acceptance rate (between 2% to 8%) during the rejection sampling phase. This drawback can be mitigated with parallel computation.

Version: 20160429:190624 (All versions of this report)

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