Paper 2014/395

Lightweight and Privacy-Preserving Delegatable Proofs of Storage

Jia Xu, Anjia Yang, Jianying Zhou, and Duncan S. Wong


Proofs of storage (POR or PDP) is a cryptographic tool, which enables data owner or third party auditor to audit integrity of data stored remotely in a cloud storage server, without keeping a local copy of data or downloading data back during auditing. We observe that all existing publicly verifiable POS schemes suffer from a serious drawback: It is extremely slow to compute authentication tags for all data blocks, due to many expensive group exponentiation operations. Surprisingly, it is even much slower than typical network uploading speed, and becomes the bottleneck of the setup phase of the POS scheme. We propose a new variant formulation called "Delegatable Proofs of Storage". In this new relaxed formulation, we are able to construct POS schemes, which on one side is as efficient as private key POS schemes, and on the other side can support third party auditor and can switch auditors at any time, close to the functionalities of publicly verifiable POS schemes. Compared to traditional publicly verifiable POS schemes, we speed up the tag generation process by at least several hundred times, without sacrificing efficiency in any other aspect. Like many existing schemes, we can also speed up our tag generation process by N times using N CPU cores in parallel. We prove that our scheme is sound under Bilinear Strong Diffie-Hellman Assumption, and it is privacy preserving against auditor under Discrete Log Assumption. Both proofs are given in standard model.

Note: Some refinement in writing.

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Preprint. MINOR revision.
Proof of StorageProvable Data PossessionHomomorphic Authentication TagPrivacy-PreservingApplied CryptographyCloud Storage
Contact author(s)
jiaxu2001 @ gmail com
2016-05-02: last of 3 revisions
2014-05-30: received
See all versions
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Jia Xu and Anjia Yang and Jianying Zhou and Duncan S.  Wong},
      title = {Lightweight and Privacy-Preserving Delegatable Proofs of Storage},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2014/395},
      year = {2014},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
Note: In order to protect the privacy of readers, does not use cookies or embedded third party content.