Paper 2014/243

Reusable Fuzzy Extractors for Low-Entropy Distributions

Ran Canetti, Benjamin Fuller, Omer Paneth, Leonid Reyzin, and Adam Smith

Abstract

Fuzzy extractors (Dodis et al., Eurocrypt 2004) convert repeated noisy readings of a secret into the same uniformly distributed key. To eliminate noise, they require an initial enrollment phase that takes the first noisy reading of the secret and produces a nonsecret helper string to be used in subsequent readings. Reusable fuzzy extractors (Boyen, CCS 2004) remain secure even when this initial enrollment phase is repeated multiple times with noisy versions of the same secret, producing multiple helper strings (for example, when a single person's biometric is enrolled with multiple unrelated organizations). We construct the first reusable fuzzy extractor that makes no assumptions about how multiple readings of the source are correlated (the only prior construction assumed a very specific, unrealistic class of correlations). The extractor works for binary strings with Hamming noise; it achieves computational security under assumptions on the security of hash functions or in the random oracle model. It is simple and efficient and tolerates near-linear error rates. Our reusable extractor is secure for source distributions of linear min-entropy rate. The construction is also secure for sources with much lower entropy rates--lower than those supported by prior (nonreusable) constructions--assuming that the distribution has some additional structure, namely, that random subsequences of the source have sufficient minentropy. We show that such structural assumptions are necessary to support low entropy rates. We then explore further how different structural properties of a noisy source can be used to construct fuzzy extractors when the error rates are high, providing a computationally secure and an information-theoretically secure construction for large-alphabet sources.

Note: A preliminary version of this work appeared at Eurocrypt 2016. The previous versions of this work were titled "Reusable Fuzzy Extractors via Digital Lockers" and "Key Derivation From Noisy Sources With More Errors Than Entropy."

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Publication info
A major revision of an IACR publication in Eurocrypt 2016
Keywords
Fuzzy extractorsreusabilitykey derivationerror-correcting codescomputational entropydigital lockerspoint obfuscation
Contact author(s)
benjamin fuller @ uconn edu
History
2020-08-26: last of 5 revisions
2014-04-18: received
See all versions
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2014/243
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2014/243,
      author = {Ran Canetti and Benjamin Fuller and Omer Paneth and Leonid Reyzin and Adam Smith},
      title = {Reusable Fuzzy Extractors for Low-Entropy Distributions},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2014/243},
      year = {2014},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/243}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/243}
}
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