Paper 2014/223

Collision Spectrum, Entropy Loss, T-Sponges, and Cryptanalysis of GLUON-64

Léo Perrin and Dmitry Khovratovich


In this paper, we investigate the properties of iterative non-injective functions and the security of primitives where they are used. First, we introduce the Collision Probability Spectrum (CPS) parameter to quantify how far from a permutation a function is. In particular, we show that the output size decreases linearly with the number of iterations whereas the collision trees grow quadratically. Secondly, we investigate the T-sponge construction and show how certain CPS and rate values lead to an improved preimage attack on long messages. As an example, we find collisions for the GLUON-64 internal function, approximate its CPS, and show an attack that violates the security claims. For instance, if a message ends with a sequence of 1~Mb (respectively 1~Gb) of zeros, then our preimage search takes time $2^{115.3}$ (respectively $2^{105.3}$) instead of $2^{128}$.

Available format(s)
Secret-key cryptography
Publication info
Published by the IACR in FSE 2014
random functionCollision Probability Spectrumcollision treeT-spongeGLUONcollision search
Contact author(s)
leo perrin @ uni lu
2014-03-28: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Léo Perrin and Dmitry Khovratovich},
      title = {Collision Spectrum, Entropy Loss, T-Sponges, and Cryptanalysis of GLUON-64},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2014/223},
      year = {2014},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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