Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/181

A Framework and Compact Constructions for Non-monotonic Attribute-Based Encryption

Shota Yamada, Nuttapong Attrapadung, Goichiro Hanaoka, and Noboru Kunihiro

Abstract: In this paper, we propose new non-monotonic attribute-based encryption schemes with compact parameters. The first three schemes are key-policy attribute-based encryption (KP-ABE) and the fourth scheme is ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) scheme. \begin​{itemize} \item Our first scheme has very compact ciphertexts. The ciphertext overhead only consists of two group elements and this is the shortest in the literature. Compared to the scheme by Attrapadung et al. (PKC2011), which is the best scheme in terms of the ciphertext overhead, our scheme shortens ciphertext overhead by $33\%$. The scheme also reduces the size of the master public key to about half.

\item Our second scheme is proven secure under the decisional bilinear Diffie-Hellman (DBDH) assumption, which is one of the most standard assumptions in bilinear groups. Compared to the non-monotonic KP-ABE scheme from the same assumption by Ostrovsky et al. (ACM-CCS'07), our scheme achieves more compact parameters. The master public key and the ciphertext size is about the half that of their scheme.

\item Our third scheme is the first non-monotonic KP-ABE scheme that can deal with unbounded size of set and access policies. That is, there is no restriction on the size of attribute sets and the number of allowed repetition of the same attributes which appear in an access policy. The master public key of our scheme is very compact: it consists of only constant number of group elements. \item Our fourth scheme is the first non-monotonic CP-ABE scheme that can deal with unbounded size of set and access policies. The master public key of the scheme consists of only constant number of group elements. \end{itemize} We construct our KP-ABE schemes in a modular manner. We first introduce special type of predicate encryption that we call two-mode identity based broadcast encryption (TIBBE). Then, we show that any TIBBE scheme that satisfies certain condition can be generically converted into non-monotonic KP-ABE scheme. Finally, we construct efficient TIBBE schemes and apply this conversion to obtain the above new non-monotonic KP-ABE schemes.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography /

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-PKC-2014

Date: received 6 Mar 2014

Contact author: yamada-shota at aist go jp

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: This is the full version of our paper in PKC2014.

Version: 20140307:081722 (All versions of this report)

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