Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2013/269

CMCC: Misuse Resistant Authenticated Encryption with Minimal Ciphertext Expansion

Jonathan Trostle

Abstract: In some wireless environments, minimizing the size of messages is paramount due to the resulting significant energy savings. We present CCS which is a new family of tweakable enciphering schemes (TES). The main focus for this work is minimizing ciphertext expansion, especially for short messages including plaintext lengths less than the underlying block cipher length (e.g., 16 bytes). CMCC is an instantiation of the scheme providing misuse resistant authenticated encryption with associated data (AEAD), and it leverages existing modes such as CBC, Counter, and CMAC. Our work can be viewed as extending the line of work starting with [HR03] on TES's to plaintext sizes smaller than the block cipher block length which is a problem posed in [Hal04]. To the best of our knowledge, CCS is the first scheme that achieves CCA2 security with only 2-3 bytes of ciphertext expansion (for the message number), for a full range of message sizes. Since changes to the ciphertext randomize the plaintext, we can leverage the protocol checks in higher layer protocols as additional authentication bits allowing us to reduce the length of the authentication tag. For protocols that send short messages, our scheme is similar to Counter with CBC-MAC (CCM) for computation but has much shorter messages. We prove CCA2 security and misuse resistant authenticated encryption (MRAE) security for different variants of CMCC. Our contributions include both stateless and stateful versions which enable minimal sized message numbers using different network related trade-offs.

Category / Keywords: Private key CCA2 encryption, energy constrained cryptography, authenticated encryption

Publication Info: Has not been published elsewhere

Date: received 11 May 2013, last revised 29 Jun 2014

Contact author: jon49175 at yahoo com

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Note: Revised version.

Version: 20140630:020359 (All versions of this report)

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