Paper 2012/024

Variants of Waters' Dual-System Primitives Using Asymmetric Pairings

Somindu C. Ramanna, Sanjit Chatterjee, and Palash Sarkar


Waters, in 2009, introduced an important technique, called dual-system encryption, to construct identity-based encryption (IBE) and related schemes. The resulting IBE scheme was described in the setting of symmetric pairing. A key feature of the construction is the presence of random tags in the ciphertext and decryption key. Later work by Lewko and Waters has removed the tags and proceeding through composite-order pairings has led to a more efficient dual-system IBE scheme using asymmetric pairings whose security is based on non-standard but static assumptions. In this work, we have systematically simplified Waters 2009 IBE scheme in the setting of asymmetric pairing. The simplifications retain tags used in the original description. This leads to several variants, the first one of which is based on standard assumptions and in comparison to Waters original scheme reduces ciphertexts and keys by two elements each. Going through several stages of simplifications, we finally obtain a simple scheme whose security can be based on two standard assumptions and a natural and minimal extension of the decision Diffie-Hellman problem for asymmetric pairing groups. The scheme itself is also minimal in the sense that apart from the tags, both encryption and key generation use exactly one randomiser each. This final scheme is more efficient than both the previous dual-system IBE scheme in the asymmetric setting due to Lewko and Waters and the more recent dual-system IBE scheme due to Lewko. We extend the IBE scheme to hierarchical IBE (HIBE) and broadcast encryption (BE) schemes. Both primitives are secure in their respective full models and have better efficiencies compared to previously known schemes offering the same level and type of security.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Published elsewhere. Unknown where it was published
Identity-based encryptionDual-system encryptionAsymmetric pairing
Contact author(s)
somindu_r @ isical ac in
2012-01-18: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Somindu C.  Ramanna and Sanjit Chatterjee and Palash Sarkar},
      title = {Variants of Waters' Dual-System Primitives Using Asymmetric Pairings},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2012/024},
      year = {2012},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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