Paper 2011/546

Hidden Vector Encryption Fully Secure Against Unrestricted Queries

Angelo De Caro, Vincenzo Iovino, and Giuseppe Persiano


Predicate encryption is an important cryptographic primitive (see \cite{BDOP04,BoWa07,Goyal06,KaSaWa08}) that enables fine-grained control on the decryption keys. Roughly speaking, in a predicate encryption scheme the owner of the master secret key $\MSK$ can derive secret key $\SK_P$, for any predicate $P$ from a specified class of predicates $\mathbb{P}$. In encrypting a message $M$, the sender can specify an {\em attribute} vector $\x$ and the resulting ciphertext $\tilde X$ can be decrypted only by using keys $\SK_P$ such that $P(\x)=1$. Our main contribution is the {\em first} construction of a predicate encryption scheme that can be proved {\em fully} secure against {\em unrestricted} queries by probabilistic polynomial-time adversaries under non-interactive constant sized (that is, independent of the length $\ell$ of the attribute vectors) hardness assumptions on bilinear groups of composite order. Specifically, we consider {\em hidden vector encryption} (HVE in short), a notable case of predicate encryption introduced by Boneh and Waters \cite{BoWa07} and further developed in \cite{ShWa08, IoPe08, SLNHJ10}. In a HVE scheme, the ciphertext attributes are vectors $\x=\langle x_1,\ldots,x_\ell\rangle$ of length $\ell$ over alphabet $\Sigma$, keys are associated with vectors $\y=\langle y_1,\ldots,y_\ell\rangle$ of length $\ell$ over alphabet $\Sigma\cup\{\star\}$ and we consider the $\Match(\x,\y)$ predicate which is true if and only if, for all $i$, $y_i\ne\star$ implies $x_i=y_i$. Previous constructions restricted the proof of security to adversaries that could ask only {\em non-matching} queries; that is, for challenge attribute vectors $\x_0$ and $\x_1$, the adversary could ask only for keys of vectors $\y$ for which$\Match(\x_0,\y)=\Match(\x_1,\y)=$ false. Our proof employs the dual system methodology of Waters \cite{Waters09}, that gave one of the first fully secure construction in this area, blended with a careful design of intermediate security games that keep into account the relationship between challenge ciphertexts and key queries.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Published elsewhere. Unknown where it was published
predicate encryptionfull securitypairing-based cryptography
Contact author(s)
decaro @ dia unisa it
2011-10-11: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Angelo De Caro and Vincenzo Iovino and Giuseppe Persiano},
      title = {Hidden Vector Encryption Fully Secure Against Unrestricted Queries},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2011/546},
      year = {2011},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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