Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2011/123

Linear Hulls with Correlation Zero and Linear Cryptanalysis of Block Ciphers

Andrey Bogdanov and Vincent Rijmen

Abstract: Linear cryptanalysis, along with differential cryptanalysis, is an important tool to evaluate the security of block ciphers. This work introduces a novel extension of linear cryptanalysis: zero-correlation linear cryptanalysis, a technique applicable to many block cipher constructions. It is based on linear approximations with a correlation value of exactly zero. For a permutation on $n$ bits, an algorithm of complexity $2^{n-1}$ is proposed for the exact evaluation of correlation. Non-trivial zero-correlation linear approximations are demonstrated for various block cipher structures including AES, balanced Feistel networks, Skipjack, CLEFIA, and CAST256. As an example, using the zero-correlation linear cryptanalysis, a key-recovery attack is shown on 6 rounds of AES-192 and AES-256 as well as 13 rounds of CLEFIA-256.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / block cipher, linear cryptanalysis, linear approximation, linear hull, correlation, evaluation of correlation, substitution-permutation network, Feistel cipher, AES, CLEFIA

Publication Info: A version of this paper to appear in Designs, Codes and Cryptography

Date: received 7 Mar 2011, last revised 11 May 2012

Contact author: andrey bogdanov at esat kuleuven be

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20120511:141804 (All versions of this report)

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