Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2008/402

Algebraic Cryptanalysis of Curry and Flurry using Correlated Messages

Jean-Charles Faugère and Ludovic Perret

Abstract: In \cite{BPW}, Buchmann, Pyshkin and Weinmann have described two families of Feistel and SPN block ciphers called Flurry and Curry respectively. These two families of ciphers are fully parametrizable and have a sound design strategy against basic statistical attacks; i.e. linear and differential attacks. The encryption process can be easily described by a set of algebraic equations. These ciphers are then targets of choices for algebraic attacks. In particular, the key recovery problem has been reduced to changing the order of a Groebner basis \cite{BPW,BPWext}. This attack - although being more efficient than linear and differential attacks - remains quite limited. The purpose of this paper is to overcome this limitation by using a small number of suitably chosen pairs of message/ciphertext for improving algebraic attacks. It turns out that this approach permits to go one step further in the (algebraic) cryptanalysis of Flurry and \textbf{Curry}. To explain the behavior of our attack, we have established an interesting connection between algebraic attacks and high order differential cryptanalysis \cite{Lai}. From extensive experiments, we estimate that our approach, that we can call an ``algebraic-high order differential" cryptanalysis, is polynomial when the Sbox is a power function. As a proof of concept, we have been able to break Flurry -- up to $8$ rounds -- in few hours.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / algebraic cryptanalysis, block ciphers, Groebner bases, F5 algorithm

Date: received 21 Sep 2008

Contact author: ludovic perret at lip6 fr

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Version: 20080924:032751 (All versions of this report)

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