Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2008/052

New Multibase Non-Adjacent Form Scalar Multiplication and its Application to Elliptic Curve Cryptosystems (extended version)

Patrick Longa and Ali Miri

Abstract: In this paper we present a new method for scalar multiplication that uses a generic multibase representation to reduce the number of required operations. Further, a multibase NAF-like algorithm that efficiently converts numbers to such representation without impacting memory or speed performance is developed and showed to be sublinear in terms of the number of nonzero terms. Additional representation reductions are discussed with the introduction of window-based variants that use an extended set of precomputations. To realize the proposed multibase scalar multiplication with or without precomputations in the setting of Elliptic Curve Cryptosystems (ECC) over prime fields, we also present a methodology to derive fast composite operations such as tripling or quintupling of a point that require less memory than previous point formulae. Point operations are then protected against simple side-channel attacks using a highly efficient atomic structure. Extensive testing is carried out to show that our multibase scalar multiplication is the fastest method to date in the setting of ECC and exhibits a small footprint, which makes it ideal for implementation on constrained devices.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / multibase non-adjacent form (mbNAF), composite operations, scalar multiplication, elliptic curve cryptosystem, side-channel attacks

Date: received 30 Jan 2008, last revised 13 Mar 2008

Contact author: plonga at uwaterloo ca

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Version: 20080314:055919 (All versions of this report)

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