Paper 2008/033

Lower Bounds on Signatures From Symmetric Primitives

Boaz Barak and Mohammad Mahmoody

Abstract

We show that every construction of one-time signature schemes from a random oracle achieves black-box security at most $2^{(1+o(1))q}$, where $q$ is the total number of oracle queries asked by the key generation, signing, and verification algorithms. That is, any such scheme can be broken with probability close to $1$ by a (computationally unbounded) adversary making $2^{(1+o(1))q}$ queries to the oracle. This is tight up to a constant factor in the number of queries, since a simple modification of Lamport's one-time signatures (Lamport'79) achieves $2^{(0.812-o(1))q}$ black-box security using $q$ queries to the oracle. Our result extends (with a loss of a constant factor in the number of queries) also to the random permutation and ideal-cipher oracles. Since the symmetric primitives (e.g. block ciphers, hash functions, and message authentication codes) can be constructed by a constant number of queries to the mentioned oracles, as corollary we get lower bounds on the efficiency of signature schemes from symmetric primitives when the construction is black-box. This can be taken as evidence of an inherent efficiency gap between signature schemes and symmetric primitives.

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Category
Foundations
Publication info
Published elsewhere. MINOR revision.Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2007.
Keywords
signature schemesrandom oraclesymmetric primitives
Contact author(s)
mohammad @ virginia edu
History
2019-03-31: revised
2008-01-28: received
See all versions
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2008/033
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2008/033,
      author = {Boaz Barak and Mohammad Mahmoody},
      title = {Lower Bounds on Signatures From Symmetric Primitives},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2008/033},
      year = {2008},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2008/033}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2008/033}
}
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